This waterfall gave Husqvarna the power for production. Ref. Wikipedia Husqvarna history.
Text and picture Björn Bellander. Pictures current 2007 2008.
Huskvarna official website
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Updated
2017-07-17
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Page 1

Created 121128

Main side

Swedish Version

Dunkehalla waterfall. Picture from Wikipedia.
Dunkehalla waterfall

Huskvarna river 1700. Picture from Wikipedia.
Huskvarna waterfall also named Ådalen

Links mixed english and Swedish

Om Smedjegatan 1

Om Smedjegatan 2
 

Om pipberedaren

Om borraren

Om tågaren

Om vällare

Jönköpings gevärs faktori

Klerebo vattenkraft station idag

Domneåns vattenkraft station idag

Svensk Crosshistoria

Huskvarna MC 1903-1988

Sheldons Huskvarna MC

Huskvarna MC

Herman Hjorton

 

 

 

 

 

 

Huskvarna waterfall 1680. Picture from Wikipedia.
 
Would you like a "Sippa"?
was the usual question in the afternoon during the last hours of the working time.
"Sippa" was a stimulating mixture just like Red Bull is today 2000. The difference is that today there are mostly school children who drinks it during free times. "Sippa" gave new energy while working in the beginning of 1910. It was called  Dr. Hjortons powder and was sold free at the drugstore. It was from the beginning a drug against the Spanish disease. The same as pneumonia. Hjorton was a doctor in Husqvarna. He had mixed this drug. From the beginning it was used for pain relief. It was composed with coffein and phenacetin and had a bad effect on the liver. Now it showed that to much use destroyed the liver. It was not so easy to prove this. The doctor at the factory Grimlund started with this project. He new that most men working at the factory got this disease. During 2 years he cooperated with the local general hospital to prove it. By means of asking the workers he got to know that they used this powder frequently. Now it could only be bought on doctor's prescription. It took long time before all workers were free from liver pains. Today youngsters instead destroy their intestinal villi with Red Bull and in this way loose their ability to utilize the nourishment.

Rumblaborgs house

In Huskvarna there was a river which drained the tableland Hakarp to lake Vättern. Her lots of waterfall were formed. In this fall the land owners built mills in order to mill their seed. This building was called house and gave the name Houseqwarna. In this place there is an old house foundation which prove that an old castle were once situated here. Any important production place was not established until the state built a timber saw to get material for house building in Jönköping 1599. Husqvarna got town privileges already 1284 from the King Magnus Ladulås. Later after 1599 a so called Valke mill was started in order to press clothes for the King's soldiers. At this time clothes were not knitted.

But how did this industry started.

Husqvarna river, which have had many names through  hundreds years, it started long time before. Already in 1200 and before this people started to use the power from the waterfall in order to grind seed. With the help of large rotating wooden wheels because of the movement of water one could get sandstones to rotate against each other. Before this time this was a work for the farmer's slaves. The water power was much more effective. This was also the beginning of slavery disappearing in Sweden. During 1200, 1300, 1400 and, 1500th Sweden had only handicraft production. By industry meant places with serial production. Mainly this kind arise only when need for military products. It was just this which forced the beginning of industries in Sweden.

Further buildings in Humblaruma river.

From 1630 this "Valke" mill was used to produce gunpowder. During 150 years 6735 kg was produced during the 30 years war in Germany and King Gustaf  II Adolf. Simultaneous with the gunpowder production a factory was concentrated to build rifles and pistols. The military leaders tried to gather all blacksmiths around in the neighborhood to produce weapon on the same place, just to make the production more rational. But it was no use because the private blacksmiths didn't want to leave their freedom. In any case all production was sold to Jönköping factory. The local blacksmiths worked in their own farm houses and got power from small waterfall. The water amount was bad here and they could not work whole year. Name of these waterfall were "Dunkehalla" and "Dumme river". But this was a good way of living when they worked as farmers when it was lack of water. Later Jönköping became an important place when the army formed a movable artillery placed here. This became the embryo for the regiment in our time late 1895 it was named A6. As writer of this I made my military service here 1960-61. To produce gunpowder was very dangerous. Continues the production house exploded. No one knew why. This question was not solved until in modern time. The explosions was due to dust electricity. In other word static electricity.

Huskvarna gunpowder and weapon production.

Karl XI was tired why not anything happened with production of weapons and gunpowder in Husqvarna. He forbid the black smiths to produce weapon in their owns locals. But they did not obey his orders. When the need from the Swedish army became bigger than what

Husqvarna produced, the need for more power was obvious. At this time the development of new kind of weapons became a natural cause. This power was to be found in Husqvarna river. 1689 the King ordered that a new production unit had to be built in the river. This was done by the capable Bengt Larsson Billing. In reality he had for own money already started production 1681. Why this happened was that Sweden had promised in the peace treaty of Altona 1688 to help Holstein Gottorp to be free from Denmark. But the Danish King refused and now Sweden was on the way to go to war against Denmark. All necessary soldiers were gathered and trained around Jönköping. Weapons were needed. Average 2000 slow fired-, flint-, dragoon muskets, 150 wheel locking carbines and flint pistils a year were produced.

To handle this production the black smiths must have some place where to live. Of course this was in the beginning solved temporarily. But in the beginning av 1700 a small village was built for them. The 5 different categories of workers got their need of power from the river. This was primery power for the grinding and drilling. For them 3 overshoot water wheels were built. See picture named "Borrbruket".

Today this river is fully engaged and there is no water in the old stream. I you wish you can take a study walk and be impressed by the deep hollows made by rotating stones.

For myself as an author of this story I have a distance connection through the Admiral Siöbladh who from King Carl XI had commission to raise Husqvarna production. He was owner of Torpa Stonehouse, near the border to county of Halland. To this place my grandfathers grandfathers grandfather Sven Andersson b. 1711 was a day-labourer.

The progress of Husqvarna has during the years 1600 - 1900 been done gradually. Depending of times sometimes the progress was forward or down in deep destitution. After the wars of Carl XII the production was down catastrophic. Sweden didn't need either gunpowder or weapons. Instead Husqvarna put interest in producing heating stoves or cooking stoves. This was not of course not paid like weapons. This was things which was needed in every homes. Before all cooking and heating was done by a main oven. It required much wood. At this bad times many of all wooden fence disappeared into the black smith's houses to keep it warm.

Still home made firearms.

Several workers had no income and despite their own home work they didn't earn money enough to get daily food. In this situation the workers were allowed to lend money just as temporary help. Also at this time the Swedish state sold Husqvarna to the Ehrenpreus family. Together with this the new owner concentrated on new technique by installing a new hammer to produce part by drop forging. With this method it became easier and cheaper. The parts became more or less interchangeable. The worker didn't left their possibility to control the production. themselves. All this happened at the same time with a economic depression. There was no war in Europe.

The first strike in Sweden 1759


Privatization was in line with leading politic party. The party named the Hats. A strike broke out and the workers succeeded to keep together. They even travelled to Stockholm in order to make complains about their living circumstances. But they where sent home again with prison transport. Their problems engage a lawyer Höppener and he talked in the house of Lords for their sake. After 2 years the house voted a money help for the workers in Husqvarna "a gift of grace" of 25324 riksdaler. Höppener took half of this sum for his work.
Compare what layers take during 2000 th.

New times up to 1930.

Now it was time for a new owner and this became Family Tham. Husqvarna now rose slowly from destitution, producing new product which there were buyers for. This could be done because of knowledge in forging and casting. Husqvarna went over to household products far away in the 1900. Yet the firearms were still an important part.

Rumblaborg. Picture from Wikipedia
Rumbla ancient castle


Page 2

Created 121128

Main side

Swedish version

Huskvarna products

Cross motorcycle. Ref. 1.

Moped named Autoped. Driving V-belt. Ref. 1.

Swedish military mc. Ref. 1.

98 cc cycle 1938. Ref. 1.

Huskvarna mc. Ref. 1.

Excam engine motor. Ref. 1.

Kitchen heating stove. Picture from Wikipedia.

Small outboard engine. Picture from Wikipedia.

Swedish rifle named AK4.  Picture from Wikipedia

Swedish army pistol. Suomi type. Picture from Wikipedia.

Engine saw. Picture from Wikipedia.

Last model of sewing machine. Picturer from Wikipedia.

Electrical heater
Dish washer
Refrigirator
Mikrowave own
Surgical device

A trial with small car production. Photo from museum.  Ref. 1.
Car prototype

More Huskvarna mc:s

Huskvarna factory. Picture from Wikipedia
Huskvarna industries today
The beginning of the expansion of Husqvarna.

Now the production speed raised. There were leaders who developed and controlled the production. Most things was better than before. In the beginning the production was very dependent on military orders. During a long time the Tham family manage the factory and used the knowledge of that time. They where very firm.
Because of the long peace period that started in the beginning of 1800. This period is still lasting. It was now important to find products to sell. Foremost it was a demand for household product, which suited the knowledge of the workers.
One big product was the cast iron fireplace. This kind was very important as it didn't use so much wood as the open fireplace every house had before. During late 1800 production of sewing machines became important. It was produced in over 5 million copies. This kind is built of many smaller parts. This was just what Husqvarna was organized for.
The bicycle was a natural product just like cycles with engines.

The modern production.

The largest product became motorcycles. Here Husqvarna had a range covering all different kind of types. The next product became the sewing machines and next to that  the motor saw. Husqvarna is today world leader for motor saws, even if the production is global.
During the WWII the production of the machine pistol gun and the last was the machine rifle which production ended 1980 named AK4.
Husqvarna was also well known for their outboard engines. This was exchanged with Monark against bikes.

Huskvarna had the ability

to gather talent engineer. This depended on the fact that Husqvarna had so many different products. Sewing machines were developed into a high technological units with computer control. It could sew any pattern.

The factory also put money in micro wave ovens.

Here Husqvarna was early on the market. When the author of this worked at Gustavsbergs porcelain industry, I constructed small micro wave drying oven. One trial was done to dry newly formed plates. The result was as bad for me as it was to sell food ovens for Husqvarna. My "clay plates" exploded when the water started to boil. Today the magnetron in the microwave ovens has been developed to a useful device.

Huskvarna in the end of 1940 tried to develop a small car. It grew as far as a prototype equipped with a DKW engine and wheels from a Fiat 500. There were no doors so far. The board stopped this ambitious project because of to high future costs. At this time both Volvo and Saab were working on this idea.

The museum of today

is placed in several different buildings. Motorcycles and sewing machines are the only that are left in the original museum locals. Nothing of these is under production today. Rifles are moved to another house. I visited the museum once in the 1980. At that time all different products were still held in the same building. Primarily I was very impressed by tableaux from surgical rooms.

Last round for Husqvarna

In the beginning of 1900 several new product had good selling. Just like sewing machine and all sorts of house hold devices. For ex. meat-mincer, bicycles and when electricity became common such as flat irons and electrical stoves.

Of course a depression should come and even for Husqvarna. Electrolux who had put money in freezers  and washing machines bought Husqvarna and laid down all product that not paid their cost. The well known bicycles, mopeds and  motorcycles were sold to other producers.
Husqvarna was brought in line with the new globalized time which meant cooperated production with other producers.

...there we are today.

Production area. Ref 1
Industrial local 1900 at Huskvarna in the early days.


Other Car MC museums in this website

Museumlist
Adalen car museum
Arnolds_cars & odds ends
Arvika car mc museum
Assa car museum
AUDI Ingolstadt
Autoseum
Autostadt

Barnfind Halsingland
Barnfind Katrineholm
Brosarp Museistation
Bjorkenas mopedmuseum
Brooklands England
Bugatti
BiancoRosso
BMW
Beaulieu England
Bynanders Car MC
Car sport museum Karlskrona
Chaparral carmuseum
Duxford England
Dalén musem
Eds Motorcycle museum
Enoch Thulin Landskrona
Falkoping MC Museum
Foundries and mines
Garage round in Halsingland
Grangesberg Nostalgi
Grafors Collection
Grangesberg Locos
Hannover air museum
Hassleholm mil. vehicles
Holmgren VW collection
Haynes England
Hjorted Mopedmuseum
Harnosand carmuseum
Huskvarna museum
Ivar Car museum Hoting
Koping car museum
Krylbo-Norbergs rail
Ladenburg
My Vehicles
Malmkoping mil. vehicle museum
Malmo Technical museum
Mercedes Benz
MC-Collection Sweden
MC museum Hedemora
Motala museum
MotorTechnica
Munktell museum
Outbordmuseum Varb.
Porsche
Rydaholms Car Museum
Robot Museum Sweden
Regnsjo, SAF cars
Panzeranzer museum
ScaniaVabis museum
Sinsheim museum
Skokloster car museum
SSK Boxcar
SSK-series
Storvik Odds and Ends
Svedino car & airplane
Soderhamn Air Force
Sparreholm museum
Sagen Technical museum
Surahammar MC
Swedish Air force museum
Swedish submarines
Torsong MC museum
Torsby Car MC museum
Technical museum Helsinb
Technical museum Stockholm
Ullared carmuseum
Volkswagen
Volvo Industrial museum
Ziegenhagen

Other sites
Military service
Travels
My Heritage

Trainmuseum Sweden
Vasteras Airmuseum
Hagfors Industrimuseum
Karlskrona Marina

Knowledge about the history in Husqvarna can be found in the book "300 years looking forward": This book is sold at the museum.
Pictures from the following owners have been used in bjorns-story.se with the appropriate allowance:

Reference 1: © Björn Bellander 
bjorn.bellander(at)telia.com
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