Ilo. Ref 1
Ilo. Ref 1
Arvika carmuseum, mopeds
Text and pictures Björn Bellander 7 pages
Pictures current 2002, 08, 11, 15, 16, 17

Back, Swedish version, Arvika museum website
since 060110
Updated
2019-10-17
© Björn Bellander
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Look also in the following websites about Arvika vehicle museum
Cars Motorcycles
Lohman, Berini Cyclemaster, Velmo, Ilo Cyclemaster, Motor Wheel, Motom, Other engines, ASB, Mustad,
Ljungstrom bike, Peugeot, Ragne, Links

 Page 1

Created 130405

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Swedish version


Lohmann diesel

Info Lohmann in Swedish. Ref 1
Info Lohmann in Swedish. Ref 1

Links

Lohmann help engine

Lohmann fahrrad

Lohmann motor

Lohmann. Ref 1
Lohmann. Ref 1

Lohmann Typ 500 diesel 1952
Info from museum.

To develop a diesel as a help engine may be really unnecessary peculiar at the first thought. The experience from the engines for model air planes showed that it is easy to do. They were very easy to start and handle.

With it's 18 cc the Lohmann diesel was the smallest help engine on the market. It was very easy to mount on a ordinary bike.

It's place was under the pedal unit. This made the center of gravity became very favorable.

To use a cycle equipped with a Lohmann diesel differ from more conventional engines. Two roller handles are present. The right regulates petrol consumption and the left regulates compression. It is variable.

It is very cheap driving and probably cost only 0,03 Skr/10 km.

Bugatti build one 10,5 cc moped diesel engine. See this link.

Engine: 1 cyl. 2-stroke diesel 19 cc. 0,75 ps/5000 v.min. Weight: 6 kg.
Price new 1952: Complete engine 360 Skr.


 Page 2

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Swedish version

Berini

Cyclemaster

Info Berini in Swedish. Ref 1

Info Berini in Swedish. Ref 1

Links

Cyclemaster

Berini motor





Berini. Ref 1
Berini. Ref 1
Berini, ILO, Cyclemaster 1952
Info from museum.

The supply of help engines was very large when the legislation was ready 1952. No registration, no license, Just drive.

DKW help engine. Ref 48
DKW help engine. Ref 48
The help engines or the "on hangers" as they were called were mostly imported. Most were from Germany but as you can see there were also from other countries.
They could be mounted on many different places and the driving system could be made by a trolley, chain or gearwheel.

Berini. Ref 48
Berini. Ref 48
The front engine on this bike is a French Berini. Under the pedal unit it is an ILO, Germany. In the rear wheel a Cyclemaster from England or Netherland.

Engine Motor Berini: 1 cyl two stroke 49 cc 0.8 ps/4800 rpm.
Price new 1953: 470 Skr.


 Page 3

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Swedish version

Velmo

Velmo info in Swedish. Ref 1
Velmo info in Swedish. Ref 1

Links

Velmo

Hjoteds moped

Velmo help engine. Ref 1
Velmo help engine. Ref 1
 
Velmo 1953
Info from museum.

Charles Gustaf Valdemar Kroon in Vansbro, started as salesman, bike repair man and last as a producer.

He built his first motorcycle already 1909. Beside the common bike production motorcycles were mad at the end of 1930, but mainly during 1950.

Kroon tested both rear and front wheel drives 1936-1940.

Velmo help engine was introduced from 1952. It was introduced on the market as the "flying tea plate". The construction was a rather odd engine mounted inside the front wheel. The drive were gear wheels. When interest for these engine died, it is said that Velmo was sold for 95 Skr.

Engine: 1 cyl. two stroke, private production. 32 cc 0,37 ps/4400 rpm. Top speed: 25,9 km/h. Weight: 8 kg.
Price new: 465 Skr.


 Page 4

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Swedish version

Info JLO help engine. Ref 1
Info JLO help engine. Ref 1


ILO
Cyclemaster

Links


Cyclemaster

ILO motor

 

ILO help engine. Ref 1
ILO help engine. Ref 1

Cyclemaster. Ref 1
Cyclemaster. Ref 1
 
ILO, Cyclemaster 1952
Info from museum.

The supply of help engines was very large when the legislation was ready 1952. No registration, no license, Just drive.

The help engines or the "on hangers" as they were called were mostly imported. Most were from Germany but as you can see there were also from other countries.

They could be mounted on many different places and the driving system could be med by a trolley, chain or gearwheel.

Engine ILO: 1 cyl two stroke 48 cc o,8 ps/3500 rpm. Weight: 14 kg. Price new 495 kr.
Engine Cyclemaster: 1 cyl. two stroke 32 cc
0,6 ps/3000 rpm. Weight 9,1 kg Price new 1953: 432 kr. 

 Page 5

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Swedish version

Motor wheel

Motor wheel. Ref. 1
Motor wheel. Ref. 1
Motor wheel. Ref. 1
Motor wheel. Ref. 1Info Motor wheel. Ref. 1
Info Motor wheel. Ref. 1Wall Auto Whee på Björkenäs museuml. Ref 1
 Wall Auto Wheel på Björkenäs museum. Ref 1

Motor wheel. Ref. 1
Motor wheel. Ref. 1
 
Wall Auto Wheel. The helpwheel on the cycle is a separate construction which was named Wall Auto Wheel. A.O.

Smith in USA took over the rights to manufacture and by time several more saw the market like Briggs&Stratton and Johnson.

The cycle could easily have been another mark.

Link: Wall Auto Wheel Hjorted mopedmuseum, Bjorkenas mopedmuseum Briggs Stratton Motor Wheel


 Page 6

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Swedish version

Motom

Museum info Motom. Ref. 1
Museum info Motom. Ref. 1

Links

 

Motom. Ref. 1
 Motom. Ref. 1

Page 7

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Swedish version

Museum info Kreidler. Ref. 1
Kreidler imfo.
Archimedes hjälpmotor p Tekniska museet Hälsingborg. Ref 1
Arcimedes engine in Helsingborgs tchnic museum. Ref 1.
Power pack. Ref. 1
Power Pack engine.
Museum info Power pack. Ref. 1
Power Pack info.

Links

Archimedes balance engine

Marin engine museum

Kreidler RS 50



 

Hjälpmotor av Archimeds typ. Ref. 1
Arcimedes help engine. Compare Grandfather´s mc. Ref. 1
Hjälpmotor för spark. Ref. 1
Engine used for ice vehicles transportation.
The Bengt Strand's odds and ends deserve a much higher attention.

He has spared lot of original parts. Most of them are not noticed on internet and for this reason are very rare and original. This small cycle engine may be one of the planned products for Archimedes when they developed the boat engine as a copy from Evinrude 1911.

This engine was called, because of it's construction, for a balance motor. By doing this way they got rid of much of the vibration a single cylinder had. The cause was the opposite working cylinders.

As usual there were two brothers who both with genius and go-ahead spirit developed the motor. In order to put it on the market they established AB Archimedes Motor in Stockholm. 1907.

Both came from a manor in Sweden, Christineholms Manor where their father was a black smith. Both moved to Stockholm where they soon got work at AB Separator and Palmcrantz gun factory. Palmcrantz was the factory which produced Ljungströms bicycle equipped with free wheel hub. One of the brothers Carl Alrik Hult learned English and emigrated to America where he got better possibilities to develop his ideas. He got several patents for a new type of Cream separator.

After their stay in America both brothers returned to Sweden and established several companies which were aimed to develop their inventions. For ex Archimedes 1907.

Their outboard motor was an updated Evinrude for using in a smaller type of boat. It was called balance motor.

This engine was sold all over the world and through continuous improvements they succeeded to stay on the market. A hard economical period happened during WWI.

Both brothers were as successful as the Ljungström brothers and started a company for each invention they made. The most important was the pump for De Laval Separator and later was sold for 10 millions Skr. This was a enormous sum of money at that time.

They lived quite well on the production of the balance engine while all other time were used on their other inventions.

This little help engine on picture, popular at this time, may be produced by a local black smith in order to be a product for selling.
This construction except for the engine was maybe not so successful with the rubber wheel driving the rear rim.

The engine put it's power direct from the main axle over a geared chain to the axle for driving rear wheel. Constructions from this time are hard to separate from local homebuilt products. This engine may not be a part made by Hult brothers. They can have taken a Johnson Motor Wheel. The big problem was that it didn't exist any clutch.

The first balance motor was sold 1912 for use in a boat.

All later production in Sweden of outboard engines can be connected to the Hult brother's ground concept with their balance motor.


Page 8

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Swedish version

ASB

German scooter moped ASB. Ref. 1
German scooter moped ASB. Ref. 1 ASB scooter. Ref. 1
ASB scooter. Ref. 1

Links

ASB Moped. Ref. 1
ASB Moped. Ref. 1

Page 9

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Swedish version

Mustad scooter

Mustad info 1954. Ref. 1
Mustad info 1954. Ref. 1

Links

Mustad scooter

Mini moped

Hjorteds museum



 

Mustad scooter. Ref. 1
Mustad scooter.

Mustad scooter
Motor AMO FM 50K 49,7 cc 1,2 ps
Registered as a light mc. Producer Mustad Son Gothenburg
This moped scooter is a Norwegian construction. A disaster, which was produced in Sweden. It had a very short life on the market. It was dangerous when braking with front wheel and could easy turn over.

Page 10

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Swedish version

Ljungstrom bike 

Ljungstrom bike. Ref. 1
Svea bike. Ref. 1 Ljungström bikel. Ref. 1
Svea bike. Ref. 1 Svea bike. Ref 32
Ljungstrom bike. Ref. 48
Alenax bike at Eds museum.

Alenax bike at Eds museum

Links

Steam engine museum

 

Arvika museum Ref. 1
Svea bike from Ljungstrom patent.

More about the Ljungström brothers.
Birger and Fredrick are such a remarkable personalities that some word of their inventions may be of interest.


Birgers first inventions was the freewheel. For this he got patent already 1892. He used it in a cycle in which he used it. He sold the idea to cycle manufacturer Palmkrantz. This firm produced in Sweden 2000 copies. A license was sold in England where Fredrick took care of the interests. It was though a failure when just about 200 were produced. During a visit at Dals-Eds MC nuseum I found a modern variant of this cycle manufactured in Taiwan. Pictures 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 -5. An early type can be seen at a private museum in Helsingborg Sweden. Picture.
With the invention of radial turbine he first started ALÅ AB Ljungström Steam Turbine and then STAL in Finspång. Swedish Steam Turbine AB Ljungström. This was later bought by Sigfried Edström from ASEA.
Now they earned much money for their radial patent by giving license for manufacturing.
Fredrick worked very much with the application of radial turbine for locomotives. One spin off effect of this was the pre heater. It was sold mostly to power works and ships equipped with steam turbines. Lots of living houses today 2009 have this kind mounted as a heat exchanger for fresh air ventilation. But today the patent is out. Remember though that it is a Ljungström idea.
One of the first world jet engines was constructed by ALÅ. It was one of their engineers Alf Lysholm who worked with this. The time was not ready for this and they didn't got finance money enough from SAAB and  WWII demanded for all normal production facilities.   
Something that not so many know that already in the beginning of 1930th Heinkel flew a prototype with a jet engine. Lack of heat resisting material, as in Sweden, limited it's action time. Two spin-offs of this work became the gas turbine at Stal-Laval after the war. and also the screw compressors. The last had for this time problem with manufacturing technique. This invention became the leading during the 50th.
They also worked with something that was called Spontaneous gear 1920. It was meant for a car automatic gear box. With this and their special interest for cars they started a company for producing cars. Ljungströmsbilen. This time the stock market crises stopped the project from further development.
Together with this, there were ideas about a hydraulic gear. This got great use during the war and large royalties were paid by USA. This gear was used for rail buses an also for the Swedish rail cars in which Scania Vabis had their 8 cylinder engine. One thing was that Fredrick son Gunnar got work as engineer when SAAB constructed  their car after war. This car had as all Swedes know one of Birger´s inventions. The freewheel.
Later Gunnar became director for the car division of SAAB.
 
After the war Svenska Rotor Maskiner, SRM, established in Saltsjö-Järla, just outside Stockholm. It was here, in nearby school, I sat in my classroom looking at the blue like shining neon light from this firm named SRM without knowing what they did in that house.

Page 11

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Swedish version

Peugeot moped Bima

Peugeot Bima info. Ref. 1

Peugeot Bima info. Ref. 1

Links

Galleri 

Bima på Bonhams

Bima Standard



 

Peugeot Bima moped. Ref. 1
Peugeot Bima moped. Ref. 1

One of the pioneering firms of the French motorcycle industry, Peugeot followed the familiar progression, first adding proprietary clip-on engines to its bicycles before building complete machines of its own manufacture.

A wide range of machines was manufactured between the wars, but after WWII the firm concentrated mainly on the manufacture of two-stroke lightweights, mopeds and scooters.
 Peugeot’s Bima Moped range comprised three models - Standard, Luxe and Grand Luxe – the machine offered here being an example of the Standard, which came with a bicycle-type fork and brakes, while the others featured telescopic forks and hub brakes.

Page 12

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Swedish version

Ragne 98 cc bike 

Ragne 1938. Ref. 1
Ragne 1938. Ref. 1

Links



 

Arvika museum. Ref. 1
 Arvika museum. Ref. 1

There was a small mechanical firm in Enköping Sweden which worked with scales and other things for the food industry.

There were the two brothers Gustav and August Karlsson. They needed a complement for their production and as motorcycles were popular they choose that.

Through cooperation with a machine shop they got an engine made by Ludwig Widesson in Stockholm.
 
They produced other details themselves. Sales should be done through a local bike seller in Enköping, Ragnar Carlsson.
Production started 1925, but no more than a hundred cycles were produced.

Only 9 were registered 1929. Why this type of cycle were chosen was due to that it was both tax and free from drivers license.

Anyway this was changed 1929 and because of that the production ceased. Ragnar Carlsson, the bike seller, also produced the same cycle but with another engine.

It was called Ragne. He moved 1934 to Borlänge and changed name to Ragnegård. Here he produced a 98 cc cycle which got the name Range Jr.

Other Car MC museums in this website
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Museumlist
Adalen car museum
Arnolds_cars & odds ends
Arvika car mc museum
Assa car museum
AUDI Ingolstadt
Autoseum
Autostadt

Barnfind Halsingland
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Brosarp Museistation
Bjorkenas mopedmuseum
Brooklands England
Bugatti 2000
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Bynanders Car MC
Car sport museum Karlskrona
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Falkoping MC Museum
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Garage round in Halsingland
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Grafors Collection
Grangesberg Locos
Hannover air museum
Hassleholm mil. vehicles
Holmgren VW collection
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My Vehicles
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MC-Collection Sweden
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My ArtGlas collection
Outbordmuseum Varb.
NSU 2018
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Rydaholms Car Museum
Robot Museum Sweden
Regnsjo, SAF cars
Panzeranzer museum
ScaniaVabis museum
Sinsheim museum 2000
Sinsheim museum 2018
Skokloster car museum
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Soderhamn Air Force
Sparreholm museum
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Swedish Air force museum
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Volvo Industrial museum
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Pictures from the following owners have been used in bjorns-story.se with the apropriate permission: bjorn.bellander(at)telia.com
Reference 1: © Björn Bellander 
Reference 32: © Svenska Rotor Maskiner AB
Reference 48: From webbsite
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