In the large exhibition hall several different old airplanes are
shown from the early 1900. What my picture shows is one Thulin
reconnaissance, Thulin LA equipped with water kit. Thulin made
several models and one with three engines, Thulin H. These types
were not lucky most because the engine power was too low. The
rotation types which Thulin made were not powerfull enough with
their 100 hp. Under one pontoon you can see another early plane
which was the first to fly between Copenhagen and Malmö by
Robert Svendsen as pilot. This Voisin plane was given to the
Swedish navy and that's why it is preserved. It was also on show
in the place Gärdet Stockholm early 1910. Look in my webside
about Enoch Thulin.
It was a Bleriot XI which was the first plane that Enoch Thulin
bought. He bought this plane with his partner Sundstedt
from a shoe producer Oscaria in Örebro. This plane was in a bad
condition. It was moved to Cederström's hangar at Malmslätt in
order to be renovated. From the beginning it had been bought by
Cederström and was christened the name Nordstiernan. After this
Hugo Sundstedt had made the Oscaria owner to buy it for
advertising. Thulin started to copy the plane, but later got a
license to build this type just before the outbreak of WWI. When
visiting Paris he also bought one Morane Saulnier which was
modern. Bleriot XI copies was then sold as a trainers and the
Morane was sold for defence. It was the AGA chief Gustaf Dahlén
who paid everything. Notice the four blade propeller in the
background which is glued but mainly cut in one piece by Palle
Mellbom the Thulin's joiner.
Junkers J1 was the first real passenger plane. The first
version 1931 had only one engine and the pilots had to crawl
throug the front window to enter their seats. A small
"Brooklandwindow" was the only thing that prevented pilots from
oil and air pressure to enter their faces. You can see this
plane at Luftfahrtsmuseum in Hannover. See also my website about
The Voisin was hangin far back and could not be photoed.
Detroit Electric was founded from the Anderson Carriage Co.,
later christened to Detroit Electric cars 1911. This company
normally sold on special orders succeeded to survive the
depression 1929, but no more than they had to begin with
transport cars. It was made for town transports. Bank manager
K.A. Wallenberg owned one in Stockholm. The bankruptcy happened
1938 and the company was removed from the register 1942. Today
the Malaysian car factory Proton has taken over the name and now
produce modern celectrical cars constructed by Lotus Cars. Their
cars can drive 160 km on one charge. About Andersson you can see
one in my website
The late Lotus history is the following. The company was bought
1986 by General Motors. 1993 GM sold their share for 30 million
pounds to Romano Artolio, owner of the name Bugatti. 1996 most
parts of Lotus was sold to the Malaysian car producer Proton.
This company put much money in electric cars and Lotus Cars make
their constructions. For this project Proton has taken over the
name Detroit Electric. Lotus in England make their living as a
construction firm for cars, just like Porsche.
The both gentlemen Hildebrand and Wolfmüller gave us the word
motorcycle when they got patent for their motorized two wheeler
and called it a motorrad. The engine was a watercooled with 2
cylinders lying besides each other making work beat every other
turn. It's crank worked direct on the rear wheel. The inlet
valve was atmospheric and the exhaust valve was controlled from
the rear wheel. The cycle was popular in the beginning and about
2000 were produced before interest disappeared. The production
ceased 1919 at the end of WWI.
Steam engine for a car 1902 - 1925 produced by Stanley Motor
Carriage Co. Cars that had a steam engine were rather common
1900. Stanley was the leading producer of steam engine cars and
they used kerosene. The prime advantage to use such an engine
instead of explosion motor were that they were strong at low
speed and didn't need a gearbox. This engine has two cylinders
with a power of 20 ps.
Steam engine according to the previous picture. You can look at
a Stanley steam engine car at my webbsite about Sparreholm
museum and also Haynes museum in England.
Markis Albert DeDion and Trepardoux started to build steam cars.
These were equipped with a rear end of their construction and
got the name DeDion. Treparoux didn't like the new engine and
left the company when petrol engines were introduced. They had 1
cylinder and were mostly mounted in 3 wheelers. This was a good
solution for the road at that time. This engine was the first
type of so called high rpm engine with 2000 rpm. 137 cc. They
were used between 1896 - 1902. Then De dion changed to 4 wheel
vehicles. DeDion existed up to 1927 with private vehicles but
produced transport cars up to 1950. About DeDion read more
1900 a company was founded in Malmö in order to produce
bicycles. It was AB Scania. The company was a name change of
Swedish Humber AB. 1901 they started with cars constructed by
Thorssin & Svensson. 1911 Scania Vabis was established and a
factory was opened in Södertälje to produce special oredered
cars mainly to be used as taxi. The production was gradually
changed to make transport vehicles. The company was the largest
private car maker in Sweden and sold about 1100 cars.
AB Scania-Vabis was established 1911 through merging of two car
producers and became the largest producer in Sweden during 1910
with a production of 100 car pro year. In Malmö and Södertälje
there were production of elegant cars for the court, private
persons, companies and taxi use. The showed car was owned by AB
Stockholm Brewery and used as a manager car. The car has a 4
cylinder engine and powered 30-36 ps. The gearbox has 4 gears
which act through a handle outside the chariot. Scania Vabis
changed to transport vehicles like lorries. See my site about
Detail picture from the 4 cylinder engine in the previous car
The brewery car on a street in Stockholm. Surely photo is taken
outside a licensed brewery house.
Scania 1901 - 1902. This car was the first produced car by
Scania in Skåne and is the oldest from three preserved test
cars. It was called a light walk carriage and inspired by French
car models. It had a watercooled engine and a planetary gearing
in two steps. The engine powered 6 ps.
Thulin Type A 1924. Was produced by the reconstructed company
after the bankruptcy of Thulin. Management AB Teve, Landskrona.
Thulin's company had to start with other products after WWI. A
car was build by copying the German car AGA. 500 copies was
produced between 1920 and 1925. It was not a success because of
the price. It had a four cylinder engine giving 25 ps. 1927
Volvo started their production of cars. Read more in my website
Thulin. This car is on show at
The four cylinder 25 ps engine in the Thulin car.
Front end on a Thulin car. Note the time typical spindle and
steering arm. Almost like a Ford. See also all points of
lubrication. There is no shock adsober.
The oldsmobile Curved Dash was the first American motor car to
be produced in a large series. More than 11000 models were
manufactured between 1901 ans 1909. It had a single cylinder
engine. Power 4.5 ps at 600 rpm. It was started with a handle.
The slow turning engine was certainly audible. One explosion for
each telephone pole became the vehicle's hallmark. Read more at
The Swedish artist Prince Eugene Eugene Bernadotte owned one
Victoria Combination 1899 - 1900. France. Before the car had
found it's form, several different solutions were tested. This
car is inspired by a horse and wagon. Steering is "Waist
steering". The original engine was one cylinder De Dion. In 1910
a bigger 2 cylinder engine was mounted. Note the steering
Leon Bollee 1897 from France. This was a popular and reliable
car which was produced in large number between 1895 and 1899.
Two passengers had two places in front seat and the driver had
his place in back seat. This 3 wheeler had a lying aircold four
stroke engine giving 2 hp. It's place is outside the rear wheel.
The power is linked over to the rear wheel with a belt. Only one
control stick handle three gears, brake, and clutch. Speed was
max 60 km/h.
Gustaf Eriksons first car 1897 - 1902 was built at Surahammars
Factory and it's sister wagon factory in Södertelje. It was the
first type of car in Sweden with internal-combustion engine. It
was constructed by Gustaf Erikson who worked at Surahammar
factory. The meaning was that it should be the first series
produced car. It was an expremental car and was equipped with
several different engines. When the car was on demo for the Sura
board 1898. it was equipped with a 4 cyl engine running on
paraffin. At the mc museum Surahammar there is a simple copy and
also an original 1903 car. Read at
Surahammar mc museum.
Erikson car from 1900-01 car in reality seen at Technical museum Stockholm.
It wa equipped with a 2 cyl petrol, watercold boxer engine.
Another can be seen at Scania Vabis Museum Södertälje.
The placement of engine and the handle to start the engine.
Photo of the Erikson car from behind. Note the very "efficient"
brake working by usage like horse wagons on rear wheel.
Two Swedish inventors brother Fredrik and Birger Ljungström
constructed the double rotation turbine. About these two men I
tell you in my website about Grängesberg Railway museum pages 8
to 10. This picture shows it's principle. The following pictures
also shows it's most complicate construction.
Here you can more closely study the way it's built. Right and
left side rotate to the right and left way. A very significant
machining. Also take in consideration the material expansion.
Slices blade system for a Stal turbine from 1920. This type was
constructed in the end of 1800 by the two Swedish inventors
Birger and Fredrick Ljungström. This type of steam turbine has
been built in several thousand copies and are used all over the
world to generate electricity and power for the propeller in
steam ships. It can generate over 5000 kW.
This picture will show how the tightening are made. The
principle is that each tightening will lower the leakage
pressure to an acceptable level. It took many years before the
construction was ready for the market. Very interesting to study
and understand. The first produced type was sold to England and used for
London Subway during 50 years.
When I after 3 hours went home it was still que to enter. One
cause was that just at this opportunite they had a special
exhibition for Nasa Air Space parts. The Swedish astronaut had
also been there.